Category Archives: asia

Google and the Chinese regime

What is it really about?

Interview by chinaworker.info with socialist blogger in China
In January the world’s largest internet company declared it had been targeted by organised hackers from China and was therefore prepared to quit the Chinese internet market. What is at the root of this conflict and how could it develop? chinaworker.info spoke to socialist blogger Zhao Jiangang.

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Australia: 1000’s rally against Bush & APEC leaders

by Laura Fitzgerald

On the weekend of the 7-9 September world capitalist leaders of APEC (Asian Pacific Economic Co-Operation), including George Bush met in Sydney. The real purpose of the weekend was to discuss how to increase profits in the region, chiefly through more privatisations, deregulation and trade liberalisation policies of neo-liberalism.

Lip-service was paid to climate change, with Australian PM John Howard heralding the fact that China and the US signed up to an “aspiration” to achieve a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

The protection that the Australian state afforded these contemptible world leaders such as Bush was startling. A massive smear campaign was launched in the media, branding those who intended to protest against war and anti-worker policies as violent monsters.

Should this not be enough to prevent workers from taking to the streets, in an unprecedented attack on civil liberties, new laws were drafted specifically to crack down on protests at APEC. This included giving police the right to arrest any protester caught carrying an endless list of contraband that ludicrously contained the term ‘thing’! A wall was constructed sectioning off a large proportion of Sydney’s CBD and 5,000 police officers, 1,500 army troops, 450 federal police troops and teams of snipers were drafted in, in this $200 million operation.

Despite the intimidation and smear campaign against protesters and the failure of the trade unions to mobilise, up to 10,000 attended the main demonstration at APEC against Bush. Our sister party, the Socialist Party of Australia, organised a convoy of buses to attend the demonstration from other parts of the country.

Police in plain clothes, or “APEC investigators” as they called themselves, stopped the buses for over two hours at a road-block. Sniffer-dogs were deployed on all the contents of the buses in an unfruitful attempt to prevent the Socialist Party from attending the demonstration. Socialist Party members marched under a banner that read “Smash Capitalism – Fight for Socialism” and identified issues such as the war and the destruction of the environment as endemic to the capitalist system’s drive for profit, arguing for a socialist alternative to APEC and all it represents.

Climate change: Socialist international planning needed

From The Socialist (England & Wales)

Organised to raise awareness of climate change, Live Earth is a series of concerts with an estimated worldwide audience of 2 billion people, taking place over seven continents on 7 July.

Among the backers is the multi-millionaire businessman and environmental spokesperson, the former US vice-president, Al Gore. Gore appeared in the Academy Award winning 2006 documentary film An Inconvenient Truth, about the threat of rapid climate change on the environment.

However, this event is unlikely to get to grips with the real causes and solutions to rapid climate change. In particular, how can large corporate sponsors and rich businessmen like Gore seriously challenge the very capitalist system of production that is responsible for destroying the world’s environment?

Undoubtedly at these events the public will be asked to reduce their ‘carbon footprint’ while the big burners of fossil fuels – manufacturing, energy and transport industries will be asked to clean up their act in line with the weak and flawed Kyoto treaty to which the two biggest polluters – the US and China – are not obligated.

In February 2007 the UN-sponsored committee of scientists in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published a report arguing that stabilising concentrations of greenhouse gases would ‘only’ cost between 0.2% and 3% of global GDP by 2030. US officials immediately claimed that such a target would lead to a global recession.

And there’s the rub. Capitalism means that the interests of the owners and shareholders in transport, energy and wider industry – who do not want any reduction in their profits – come first.

The market

Just two weeks after New Labour issued its draft Climate Change Bill in March, which talked about cutting greenhouse gases, new figures showed how big privately-owned power stations in the UK by switching fuel in 2006 from dearer gas to cheaper coal had contributed to a 1.15% rise in CO2 output.

Under capitalism it’s ‘the market’ which is expected to deliver cuts in emissions. Any capitalist party will only do so at the expense of workers’ jobs in ‘dirty industries’, or by bigger taxes on ordinary people’s energy and transport.

Socialists, on the other hand, will fight climate change with a programme of rational planning of resources, based on public ownership and public good – not private profit – and by the international action of millions of ordinary people seeking to build a planet with a sustainable, socialist future.

The G8 means war, poverty and environmental destruction

 

Socialist Youth leaflet – Available as PDF here.

G8 Hypocrisy

G8AID: Of the $60 billion that was pledged for third world countries at the recent G8 summit only $3billion was new money pledged – These are the same leaders that spend $1 trillion annually on the arms trade.

ENVIRONMENT: Despite the continuing destruction of our environment, the G8 said that they would only ‘consider’ reducing carbon emissions.

FAIR TRADE: African goods still face enormous tariffs when they try to export goods to places like Europe and America.

WAR ON IRAQ: Bush and Blair have spent billions on the war in Iraq that has resulted in the death of over 650,000 Iraqis and has forced millions to flee their homes.

G8 and capitalism mean:

GLOBAL INEQUALITY: 1 billion people worldwide have no access to clean water while the super rich buy designer deodorants worth $30,000 a pop!

AIDS EPIDEMIC: In some parts of Africa one third of young adults will die of the aids epidemic, major pharmaceutical companies have blocked the production of cheap generic drugs to combat aids which would reduce their cost from $10,000 to $150.

“FREE TRADE”: In 2003 $4 billion was given to 28,000 big US cotton farmers – This is more than the GDP of the African country Burkino Faso which has 2 million cotton farmers

ENVIRONMENTAL DESTRUCTION: The G8 leaders have failed to achieve the limited targets for cuts in carbon emissions set out by the Kyoto Treaty. One scientist has claimed it would take the equivalent of 30 Kyotos to deal with global warming!

Kevin Carter, a white South African photographer, won a Pulitzer Prize for this photo of a vulture stalking a sudanese baby during the famine. No one knows what happened the child as Carter left the place as soon as the photo was taken. Three months later, Carter committed suicide. Is any more evidence needed as to the brutal reality of capitalism?

Kevin Carter, a white South African photographer, won a Pulitzer Prize for this photo of a vulture stalking a sudanese baby during the famine. No one knows what happened the child as Carter left the place as soon as the photo was taken. Three months later, Carter committed suicide. Is any more evidence needed as to the brutal reality of capitalism?

The G8 is a club made up of the most powerful capitalist countries worldwide. Under the pressure of ordinary working and young people its leaders were forced two years ago to give commitments to resolve the desperate poverty facing Africa. 250,000 marched in Edinburgh under the slogan ‘Make Poverty History’.

However, the above facts speak for themselves. Even Bob Geldof and Bono were forced to describe the recent G8 summit in Rostock in Germany as a ‘total farce’. They have no intention of resolving the desperate problems of poverty and environmental destruction faced by the majority of the world’s population. The 80,000 people who came to protest against the G8 this time did so to oppose not only their policies but their lies and broken promises as well.

Why won’t the G8 ‘make poverty history’?

Today the top 500 companies gloablly control 70-80% of world trade. These are privately owned and controlled by those who enrich themselves with vast profits at the expense of the needs workers and poor people internationally. This capitalist system leads to war, horrific poverty and is threatening the very existence of humanity itself. G8 leaders like Bush, Blair and Putin are only interested in helping these companies exploit the resources of the‘third world’ as opposed to helping the people who live there. It is this reason and not simply because of a lack of‘political will’(as Bono and Geldof would have us believe) that explains the inaction of the G8 on issues like third world debt, fair trade and aid.

What is the socialist alternative to the capitalist profit system?

Socialist Youth and the Socialist Party participated in the recent protests against the recent G8 summit in Rostock. We reject the that idea celebrities like Bono and Geldof have put forward in the past that the G8 can be used as a force for good.

Workers and young people should be organised internationally in a movement that can oppose the attacks on their living standards and fight for a democratic socialist society. Such a society would bring into democratic public ownership and control the 500 companies that control the world economy.

On this basis it would be possible to prioritise the needs of people and end global inequality through democratic socialist planning of the economy. If you agree with our ideas then join Socialist Youth today.